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Glossary of Pipe Fittings & Flanges

DataTime:[2016-5-15]
A
ANSI: American National Standards. A piping specification.
ASME: American Society of Mechanical Engineers. A piping specification.
ASTM: American Society for Testing Materials. A piping specification.
Ambient Temperature: The average temperature of the atmosphere in the area of an appliance.
 
B
BSP: British Standard Piping. A piping specification.
Bushing: A pipe fitting, threaded on both the inside and outside, used for joining pipes with different diameters together.

C
Coupling: A fitting that joins two pieces of pipe.
Cast Iron: Metal formed by casting in molds.
Cross: Used for 4-way branch connections.

E
Elbows: Change direction of pipe.

F
Female thread: Threaded on the outside.
Flange: A type of pipe fitting that connects via nuts and bolts.


H
Hex plug: The hex pipe plug is threaded in the end and the top of the plug takes a hexagon shape.

I
I.D.: Inside diameter. All pipes are sized according to their inside diameter.

L
Lap joint flange: Flanges are used on piping fitted with lapped pipe or with lap joint stub ends.

M
Male thread: Threaded on the inside.

N
Nipple: A length of straight pipe with male threads on both ends.

O
O.D.: Outside diameter. All pipes are sized according to their outside diameter.
Orifice flange: Flanges where orifice plate or flow nozzle is used.

P
Pipe fittings: Available in various shapes, sizes and materials, they are used to connect pipes.
Plug: Cap end inserted into the end of tubing to dead-end the flow.

R
Reducer: A fitting that connects pipes of different sizes.

T
Tee: A T-shaped pipe fitting with three openings used to create branch lines.

U
Union: Three-piece fitting that joins two sections of pipe and they also can be disconnected without cutting the pipe.

W
Wye: A Y-shaped fitting with three openings used to create branch lines.

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Yaang Pipe Industry Co., Ltd. is an international supplier of piping solutions for flange, butt welding fittings, socket welding fittings and threaded fittings. Our products are widely used in different industrial fields, including oil and gas, chemical industry, petrochemical industry, power plant, pulp and paper industry, environmental and water conservancy engineering, engineering projects, etc.