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Piping Codes and Standards

DataTime:[8/24/2016]

Piping Codes and Standards:

The Codes and Standards used in designing piping systems.

For Piping Systems proper selection of of Material of Construction along with Specifications, Adherence to Codes and Standards is essential. Standardization reduces cost, confusion and inconvenience. Standards are published by Professional Societies, Committees and Trade Organizations. It is also accepted by Governments.  The main objective is to have Standardization and Safety.



CODE: A group of general rules or systematic procedures for Design, Fabrication, Installation and Inspection methods prepared in such a manner that it can be adopted by legal jurisdiction and made into a law.
 
STANDARDS: Documents prepared by a Professional group or Committee which are believed to be good and proper Engineering Practices and which contain mandatory requirement.
RECOMMENDED PRACTICES : Documents prepared by professional group or committee indicating Good Engineering Practices but which are optional.

Codes and Standards, besides being regulations, might also be considered as Design Aids since they provide guidance from experts. 


Recommended Practices:

Recommended Practices are also prepared by professional group or committee. They are set of documents which are believed to be proper and good engineering practice but which are optional.

Apart being considered as regulations, Codes and Standards shall be considered as a ‘design aids’ since they provide guidance from experts.

For design and selection of equipment and piping systems, each country has its own code and standard but they can follow code and standards developed by other countries. The most commonly used is American National standards. Other than American there are British, German, Japanese standards etc available. The major organizations for standards are:

Sr.No  Country  Abbreviation  Organization

1

American ANSI American National Standards Institute

2

Canada SCC Standard Council of Canada

3

France AFNOR Association Francaise

4

British BSI British Standards Institute

5

Europe CEN Committee of European Normalization

8

Germany DIN Deutsches Institute Fur Normung

7

Japan JIS Japanese Industrial Standards Committee

8

India BIS Bureau of Indian Standards

9

Worldwide ISO International Organization for Standards

Following the codes and standards reduces significant cost while designing the piping systems. So it’s more like “Do right things in first place”.

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