304L is one of the most widely used and versatile stainless steel pipes, Stainless Steel Pipe Fittings and Stainless Steel Flanges at Yaang Pipe Industry Co., Limited is certified to 304/304L. We are a supplier who can provide stainless steel 304L from stock in sheet, plate, or bar direct from our warehouse and distribute it meeting all cutting and profiling requirements across the world.
This stainless steel grade is found in a variety of commercial sectors, particularly in the chemical industry. It is a sort after material for use in severely corrosive conditions, it is used in heavy gauge components for improved weldability, weld annealing is only necessary in applications where stress loads are excessive.
304L Stainless Steel is characterised by:
Stainless steel 304L is an 18Cr-9Ni austenitic stainless steel. The grade contains small amount of ferrite (≈ 3%) after solution annealing (1000-1100°C – 1832-2012°F) and water quenching.
This kind of steel is one of the basic grades of the stainless steels range. Its low carbon content ensures better ductility and avoids the intergranular corrosion, even on welded pieces without ulterior water quenching.
Stainless steel 304L exhibits austenitic microstructures free of deleterious carbide precipitations at grain boundaries.
|Typical values (weight %)|
|PREN (%Cr+3.3%Mo+16%N) ≥ 18|
Nickel content may be modiﬁed to be conform to 1.4306 grade.
|Tensile properties after water quenching|
|°C||°F||Minimum guaranteed values *||Typical values||El %|
|Y.S. 0.2%||Y.S. 1%||UTS||Y.S. 0.2%||Y.S. 1%||UTS|
* Following EN 10088 hot rolled plates – The EN guaranteed values are valid for a thickness from 5-75mm. Mechanical properties are related to the thickness of the plate.
|Impact values: KCV ≥ 120 j/cm² (room temperature)|
High toughness values at -269°C (-452°F) need speciﬁc melts (extra low ferrite content).
|Quality corrosion tests guaranteed (special request may be discussed)|
|TEST||Other name||Corrosion (1)||Results|
|ASTM A 262 A||Intergranular||Step or dual structure|
|ASTM A 262 B||STREICHER||Intergranular||Not recommended|
|ASTM A 262 C||HUEY||Intergranular||< 0,6mm/year*|
|ASTM A 262 E
|STRAUSS||Intergranular||No cracking after bending|
|ASTM G48 A||Pitting||Not recommended
(typical CPT = 5°C-41°F)
|ASTM G48 B||ASTM G78||Crevice||Not recommended
(typical CCT ≤ 0°C-32°F)
(1) kind of corrosion mechanism investigated
* Using low ferrite grade.
The alloy is not really resistant to localised corrosion in chloride containing solutions. Pitting may occur even at low temperature (5-10°C – 41-50°F).
The alloy is very prone to stress corrosion cracking in chloride containing solution when temperature is higher than 50°C (122°F).
Stainless steel 304L is corrosion resistant in:
The alloys are not corrosion resistant in chloride containing solutions, even diluted, and in sulphuric acid media.
So, the main applications are:
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Yaang Pipe Industry Co., Ltd. is an international supplier of piping solutions for flange, butt welding fittings, socket welding fittings and threaded fittings. Our products are widely used in different industrial fields, including oil and gas, chemical industry, petrochemical industry, power plant, pulp and paper industry, environmental and water conservancy engineering, engineering projects, etc.