The shell and tube heat exchanger is by far the most common type of heat exchanger used in industry. It can be fabricated from a wide range of materials both metallic and non-metallic. Design pressures range from full vacuum to 6,000 psi. Design temperatures range from -250oC to 800oC. Shell-and-tube heat exchangers can be used in almost all process heat transfer applications.
The shell-and-tube design is more rugged than other types of heat exchangers. It can stand more (physical and process) abuse.
1. Tube sheets
7. Heat Exchanger Bundle Tubes, etc