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Types 316 Stainless Steel and 316L Stainless Steel

DataTime:[2014-11-2]

Type 316 Stainless Steel is an austenitic chromium-nickel stainless steel that contains between two and three percent molybdenum. The molybdenum content increases corrosion resistance, improves resistance to pitting in chloride ion solutions and increases strength at high temperatures.

Type 316 stainless steel is particularly effective in acidic environments, protecting against corrosion caused by sulfuric, hydrochloric, acetic, formic and tartaric acids, as well as acid sulfates and alkaline chlorides.

Common uses for type 316 stainless steel include in the contstruction of exhaust manifolds, furnace parts, heat exchangers, jet engine parts, pharmaceutical and photographic equipment, valve and pump parts, chemical processing equipment, tanks, evaporators, as well as pulp, paper and textile processing equipment and any parts exposed to marine environments.

Type 316L stainless steel is an extra-low carbon version of the 316 steel alloy. The lower carbon content in 316L minimizes deleterious carbide precipitation as a result of welding. Consequently, 316L is used when welding is required in order to ensure maximum corrosion resistance.

While similiar to Type 304 Stainless Steel, both Type 316 Stainless Steel and 316L Stainless Steel exhibit better corrosion resistance and are stronger and elevated temperatures. They are also both non-hardenable by heat treatment and can be readily formed and drawn.

Annealing 316 Stainless Steel and 316L stainless steel requires heating to between 1900-2100°F (1038-1149°C) before rapidly quenching.

Physical Properties:

  • Density: 0.799g/cm3
  • Electrical resistivity: 74 microhm-cm (20C)
  • Specific Heat: 0.50 kJ/kg-K (0-100°C)
  • Thermal conductivity: 16.2 W/m-k (100°C)
  • Modulus of Elasticity (MPa): 193 x 103 in tension
  • Melting Range: 2500-2550°F (1371-1399°C)

Applications

Typical applications include:

  • Chemical Industry.
  • Laboratory benches & equipment.
  • Coastal architectural panelling, railings & trim.
  • 316L Stainless Steel Pipes.
  • Chemical containers, including for transport.
  • Heat Exchangers.
  • 316 Stainless Steel Pipe fittings.
  • Threaded fasteners.
  • 316 Stainless Steel Flanges.
  • Paper Industry Equipment.

Type 316 Stainless Steel and 316L Stainless Steel Composition

Element Type 316 (%) Type 316L (%)
Carbon 0.08 max. 0.03 max.
Manganese 2.00 max. 2.00 max.
Phosphorus 0.045 max. 0.045 max.
Sulfur 0.03 max. 0.03 max.
Silicon 0.75 max. 0.75 max.
Chromium 16.00-18.00 16.00-18.00
Nickel 10.00-14.00 10.00-14.00
Molybdenum 2.00-3.00 2.00-3.00
Nitrogen 0.10 max. 0.10 max.
Iron Balance Balance

Source: Yaang Pipe Industry (www.yaang.com) Product Data Sheet. 316 Stainless Steel Pipe fittings

Tel No:+86-18267732328 / Fax No :86-0577-56809281 / Email:sales@yaang.com
Address:Longwan District, Wenzhou, Zhejiang Province, China.

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Yaang Pipe Industry Co., Ltd. is an international supplier of piping solutions for flange, butt welding fittings, socket welding fittings and threaded fittings. Our products are widely used in different industrial fields, including oil and gas, chemical industry, petrochemical industry, power plant, pulp and paper industry, environmental and water conservancy engineering, engineering projects, etc.